In the twentieth century, anti-Semitism fueled the Holocaust--the systematic attempt to exterminate the Jews. One of the repercussions of the Holocaust was the founding of the state of Israel as a secure haven to protect the Jewish people. However, the establishment of Israel has not ended anti-Semitism. Now, in the 21st century, anti-Semitism is again on the rise in many areas. The viewpoints presented in "At Issue: Anti-Semitism "examine the impact of anti-Semitism in the United States and throughout the world.