Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty dedicated to the reconstruction of facial and body defects due to birth disorders, trauma, burns, and disease. The most common plastic surgery procedures include tumor removal, scar revision, hand surgery, and breast reduction, while the most popular cosmetic surgeries are Botox[registered], breast augmentation, chemical peel, dermabrasion, liposuction, and rhinoplasty. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, nearly 11 million cosmetic surgery procedures and more than 5 million reconstructive plastic surgeries were performed in 2006, and the number of surgeries is rising steadily each year. In more than 400 entries, ""The Encyclopedia of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery"" provides sound information on cosmetic and plastic surgery for students and professionals alike. This comprehensive new reference covers all aspects of this popular topic, detailing surgical techniques and practices, medical conditions, social controversies, and the history of cosmetic and plastic surgery. A glossary explains key terms and common jargon, and appendixes include medical associations, journals, and Web sites.